History of Enameling
Enameling as an art is of very ancient origin, and the process of applying
beautifully colored enamels to gold jewelry has been practiced for centuries.
The application of the art to household utensils, however, was first practiced
by the French, and then introduced into Sweden, Germany, and England. Its introduction
into the United States is comparatively recent, but today domestic enameled
ware occupies a leading place in the market.
As in all manufactures, improvements in making enameled ware have been rapid
and many. The old process was very slow, as the enamel was applied with a brush,
instead of by dipping. The fusing also took 15 to 25 minutes instead of 1 to
4 as at present.
The United States ranks first in the production of serviceable, durable enameled
utensils, and ships large quantities to South America.
The foreign-made ware is higher in price, and usually has four coats of very
hard enamel which firmly adheres to the base. Since the outbreak of the European
War, however, little or none is being imported and American manufacturers are
supplying the constant demand.